Do you want your future Vue.js web app rank in search results? If yes, don’t forget to list this among your requirements from the start. Considering the SEO challenges that all single-page apps (SPAs) face, don’t treat your Vue app SEO-friendliness as an afterthought. Rather than being a small detail to fix later, it’s a factor that may predefine how your app will be built on the whole.
It doesn’t mean Vue isn’t good for SEO. In fact, Vue.js offers solutions that work awesome for search engine optimization. However, those are not something you get by default. Instead, you should deliberately opt for Vue SEO tools and understand how they’ll influence your app tech stack, architecture, and infrastructure.
Now let’s see how you can fit Vue and SEO together using special Vue modules or the NUXT framework. For this, we’ll consider the options Vue gives for in-app routing, managing meta tags, and webpage rendering. Those three aspects of your Vue app together are crucial for its SEO success.
Scroll down to see a time estimate for adding NUXT and SSR to an existing Vue app.
Vue Router and SPA URLs
The navigation inside a Vue SPA works differently from a static website. Instead of going to different HTML pages sitting on different URLs, users move between different app views that dynamically change inside the same single HTML page. Vue routing allows mapping specific app views to different URLs.
By default, Vue Router adds fragment identifiers (introduced by a hash mark #) to the home page URL to switch between views without refreshing the page. This method doesn’t work for SEO because hashed URLs don’t get indexed by search engines.
For SEO purposes Vue Router can be switched from hash to history mode. When working in this mode, it uses HTML 5 History API and generates normal URLs for every app view. In this case, all URLs of your app can be indexed in search engines and linked from social media and other websites without any problems.
However, none of those URLs matches any static HTML page. When accessed by users directly those URLs would return a 404 error. To avoid this, when switching Vue Router to history mode you’ll need to additionally configure your server so that it has a catch-all fallback route for all URLs.
Vue SEO and rich metadata
Vue SEO and server-side rendering (SSR)
Although the development and maintenance of an isomorphic app are more complex, by making your app isomorphic you’ll guarantee its SEO-friendliness. The easiest way to implement SSR in a Vue app is to use the NUXT.js framework.
NUXT vs Vue for SEO-friendly apps
Although your developers can customize Vue to build an isomorphic app themselves, Nuxt.js can simplify their task. This framework is built on top of Vue.js to streamline the development of SSR apps. It provides the right configuration of Vue libraries and an efficient app structure out-of-the-box, which saves a ton of time.
Vue-router working in history mode to create SEO-friendly URLs and set up flawless in-app navigation.
Vue-meta plugin to generate unique meta tags for different app views and get correct snippets in search results for all URLs in the app.
Webpack with vue-loader and babel-loader to bundle, code-split, and minify code for fast loading and minimizing the app’s time to interactive (TTI).
Although NUXT renders all pages server-side, it doesn’t mean they lose interactivity. It uses Vue hydration to make the HTML reactive after it was loaded in the browser. The interaction between the app and the user happens in three stages:
Step 1. Node.js gets a request from the browser, fetches a proper HTML page, and sends it back to the browser.
Step 2. The browser displays the HTML page with static content and starts the hydration process during which Vue makes the page markup interactive for users.
Step 3. The browser allows users to navigate through internal links of the app without refreshing the page.
In addition to solving the core Vue SEO challenges, NUXT provides tools for generating site maps, making 301 redirects, fetching meta for social sharing (Twitter and Open Graph), as well as integrating Google Analytics. Those small but important things allow following the general technical SEO best practices when building Vue apps.
Apart from that, NUXT has a Static Site Generator for pre-rendering static HTML pages that serves as an alternative to SSR. This feature can be useful for smaller SPAs with just a few URLs requiring SEO. It allows you to generate a bunch of SEO-friendly HTML pages during the build time and use them as a static website attached to your dynamic app that uses client-side rendering.
Adding NUXT to optimize a Vue app for SEO
We asked Alex Bilyk, Frontend Developer, at Proxify, about the specifics of Vue apps optimization for search engines. He shared his recent experience on adding NUXT to a running Vue app and told us about what it takes to introduce such changes to a project.
The client’s Vue.js SPA wasn’t crawled and indexed by Search Engines correctly because it was initially created without SEO in mind. They decided to engage a developer via Proxify to fix the SEO issues by introducing SSR to their SPA using NUXT.js.
To solve the problem, Alex had to complete the following tasks:
- Analyze the app architecture and functionality. (3h).
- Change app structure. (3h)
Create a new app structure for Nuxt.js including layouts, pages, plugins, modules, middleware directories at the root level of the project. Add a
nuxt.config.jsfile and change commands in the
package.json file. Prepare for the removal of useless plugins and adding the needed ones into the project.
app.vuefiles, and change this logic according to Nuxt.js requirements. (8h) Prepare modules and plugins for the project and create a special usage for them (optionally those can be a store, UI library, or an HTTP Client, for example, Axios). Refactoring the paths to images and backgrounds.
- Setup new routing from scratch. (7h)
Remove Vue-router library and its configuration. Create a
pagesdirectory that contains app views and routes. Customize routes for nested pages (for example, change URL from
NuxtLinkcomponent for rendering internal links.
- Setup asyncData hooks to fetch data from APIs. (4h)
- Update configuration for multiple languages. (3h)
nuxt-i18nmodule to manage localization.
- Adjust animations and window listeners. (4h)
createdlifecycle method to
- Add SEO configuration for the whole app and each separate page. (8h) Use Nuxt.js methods: meta tags, title, description, keywords, favicon. Update HTML layout with semantic tags.
As a result, it took Alex one week to implement SSR in the project and ensure the Google crawler can process the app correctly.
“I really can't emphasize enough how important it is to state that your SPA should be SEO-friendly in your project requirements. If my clients implemented NUXT from the very beginning, they could have saved a substantial amount of money. Treating SEO as an afterthought resulted in engaging a developer for one week and introducing deep changes to the project.” – Alex Bilyk, Frontend Developer
Vue developers for your project
If you want to create an SEO-friendly Vue app, you need Vue developers with a proven track record. Our talent matching network can help you find them. At Proxify we use Vue and NUXT to build our own app and can connect you to vetted specialists. Send us a talent request and meet your perfect candidate within the next two weeks. And don’t forget that when hiring on Proxify, you get senior developers on your team at rates starting from 29€ / h.