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We know that finding the perfect C++ developer can be time-consuming and expensive. That's why we've created a solution that saves you time and money in the long run.
Our C++ developers are vetted and tested for their technical skills, English language proficiency, and culture fit aspects to ensure that we provide you with the perfect match for your engagement. With our hiring experts, you can easily discuss any issues, concerns, or onboarding processes and start your engagement quickly.
Our C++ developers are also skilled in a diverse range of additional frameworks and tools, meaning you find the right candidate for your business needs, committed to delivering outstanding results, always.
Talented C++ developers available now
Amir T. Egypt
6 years experience
- Team leading
- Augmented Reality
Orkun B. Turkey
20 years experience
Trusted member since 2022
- .NET Core
Emre A. Turkey
10 years experience
Trusted member since 2022
- Augmented Reality
- Virtual Reality
Shushan K. Armenia
6 years experience
Trusted member since 2021
Dragos T. Romania
4 years experience
Trusted member since 2022
Hiring guide for C++ Developers in 2024
Hiring skilled C++ developers is crucial to building high-performing software applications and systems. C++ is a powerful language that requires discipline and expertise to use effectively. It's important to thoroughly vet candidates to ensure you find developers who can write optimized, reliable C++ code.
C++ was developed with an orientation towards system programming and embedded, resource-constrained software, including large systems needing efficiency and flexibility. The primary motivation was to create a language that offered higher-level abstractions while retaining the power and efficiency of C.
The enhancements that C++ brought over C include strong type checking, direct support for object-oriented programming, and the ability to handle exceptions. These advancements provided developers with the tools to write more maintainable and robust code, addressing some of the major pitfalls in C, especially in complex software development. It has played a crucial role in developing modern programming practices and has been a forerunner in object-oriented programming (OOP) evolution.
C++ developers are highly sought after for several reasons. Firstly, their expertise is crucial in domains where performance and resource management are paramount, such as system programming, game development, and real-time systems. C++'s ability to interact closely with hardware and manage memory manually makes it ideal for these high-stakes applications.
Furthermore, C++ developers often deeply understand underlying computer architecture, algorithms, and data structures, which is invaluable in solving complex programming challenges. The evolution of C++ standards, with continuous improvements and modern features, also ensures that C++ developers remain at the forefront of software development practices.
Essential skills for C++ developers
C++ developers are typically hired across various domains, so narrowing down essential technical skills an experienced developer should have is challenging. You should also note that suggestions in our hiring guide may vary depending on the role a C++ developer would undertake.
Proficiency in C++ and standard libraries
This is the cornerstone of a C++ developer's skill set. It involves understanding the syntax and nuances of the language, such as template programming and the effective use of the Standard Template Library (STL). This proficiency should extend to popular libraries like Boost, which are often integral to complex C++ projects.
Concurrency and multithreading
Given the nature of many C++ applications, understanding concurrency and multithreading could be elevated from a nice-to-have to an essential skill, especially in fields like game development or high-performance computing.
Expertise in memory management
Given C++'s low-level capabilities, a deep understanding of memory management is crucial. This includes knowledge of pointers, memory allocation, deallocation, and understanding the implications of memory leaks and dangling pointers. Proficiency in managing memory is often what differentiates C++ from other high-level languages.
Understanding of computer architecture and modern C++ standards
A strong grasp of underlying computer architecture is crucial, especially for developers working close to the hardware level.
Hand-in-hand with understanding differences in computer architectures also goes familiarity with the latest C++ standards, as these are oftentimes improvements and milestones in the language evolution. Codebase migrations, or even something as simple as evaluation of features, demand an experienced candidate, as C++ is a stable, mature language, and the changes between standards are frequently incredibly niche and use-case-specific.
While C++ supports multiple paradigms, OOP is central to its use in large-scale software. This includes understanding concepts like encapsulation, inheritance, polymorphism, and design patterns specific to C++.
Build tools and environments
Experience with build systems (like CMake) and compilers is essential. This also includes familiarity with cross-platform development and configuring and optimizing build environments for different targets.
Nice-to-have-skills for C++ developers
Below are some integral skills you might want to look for in a candidate. They are made to be as generalized as possible because different businesses have different needs, and C++ is a programming language used across many domains.
Testing frameworks and practices
While not always mandatory, knowledge of testing frameworks (like Google Test) and practices (unit testing, TDD) is highly beneficial. It shows a developer's commitment to quality and maintainability.
Version control systems
Proficiency with tools like Git is almost a standard in modern software development. While it might not be the core skill for a C++ developer, it's crucial for collaboration and code management.
Project management skills
Understanding the fundamentals of project management can be a significant asset since many companies hiring C++ developers are well-established medium to large companies. This knowledge enables experts to better integrate into teams and understand project lifecycles.
Soft skills and communication
Communication, teamwork, problem-solving, and adaptability are invaluable in complex software development projects. These skills facilitate better collaboration and innovation within teams.
Initial screening questions
The initial phone screen for C++ developer candidates should focus on:
Years of experience with C++ – Ask candidates about how many years they have worked with C++ and in what roles. Look for at least 3-5 years of professional experience in a C++ development role.
Types of projects worked on – Inquire about the types of projects, products, or companies they have worked on that utilized C++. Look for experience working on complex projects that leveraged C++ for performance gains.
Education background – While not always essential, a computer science or engineering education can demonstrate fundamental knowledge. Ask about their degrees and relevant coursework.
Programming interview performance – Gauge their confidence and enthusiasm for programming interviews. Quality C++ developers are typically eager to show off their skills in coding challenges and interviews.
The initial screening call sets the stage for an effective technical interview. Keep it conversational while assessing their C++ skills and engineering aptitude. Take notes on their experience and projects to dig deeper in follow-up interviews. With a focus on technical competency and hands-on skills, you'll identify skilled C++ candidates worthy of moving forward.
Interview questions to ask a potential candidate
Although Proxify already vets developers for their skills, here are some questions and respective answers we suggest asking to evaluate a potential candidate for the role of a C++ developer.
1. What are some common pitfalls in C++ development, and how can they be avoided?
Example answer: Common pitfalls in C++ include memory leaks, dangling pointers, and undefined behavior. To avoid these, developers should adhere to best practices like using smart pointers for memory management, being cautious with pointer arithmetic, and understanding the nuances of C++'s behavior (e.g., object slicing and operator overloading issues). Regular code reviews and static analysis tools can help identify and mitigate these issues.
2. What's the difference between a shallow and a deep copy?
Example answer: A shallow copy duplicates the top-level pointers of an object but not the objects they point to, leading to multiple pointers referencing the same memory location. In contrast, a deep copy replicates the pointers and the objects they point to, creating independent copies. Deep copies are essential when dealing with objects that manage their own memory to prevent issues like double-free errors.
3. Explain the rule of three/five in C++
Example answer: The rule of three states that if a class defines one of the following: a destructor, a copy constructor, or a copy assignment operator, it should probably explicitly define all three. This ensures proper handling of resources, especially memory. The rule of five extends this to include move constructors and move assignment operators, necessary for efficient resource management in modern C++ with rvalue references and move semantics.
4. What are smart pointers, and how do they differ from raw pointers?
Example answer: Smart pointers, such as
std::weak_ptr, manage memory automatically, ensuring proper resource cleanup and preventing memory leaks. Unlike raw pointers, smart pointers handle memory allocation and deallocation for you, typically using RAII (Resource Acquisition Is Initialization). They provide a safer, more efficient, and less error-prone approach to memory management compared to raw pointers.
5. Explain the differences between structs and classes
Example answer: In C++, structs and classes are fundamentally similar, with the only key difference being their default access level:
public for structs and
private for classes. This distinction stems from C++'s heritage in C, where structs do not support features like inheritance or methods. In C++, however, structs can have member functions and support inheritance, making them almost interchangeable with classes.
What is the purpose of templates, and how do they differ from generics?
Example answer: Templates in C++ enable creating functions and classes that can operate with any data type, providing flexibility and reusability. Templates are instantiated at compile time, allowing the compiler to generate optimized code for each specific data type. Generics, often associated with languages like Java, serve a similar purpose but are implemented differently. Generics are type-erased and handle type polymorphism at runtime, leading to a performance difference from C++ templates resolved at compile time.
Industries and applications
C++ is renowned for its versatility and efficiency, making it an essential tool in various industries. Its powerful blend of performance and object-oriented features renders it indispensable in systems programming, where it is utilized for developing operating systems, file systems, and embedded systems. This close relationship with underlying hardware attributes to its foundational role in major operating systems, including Windows, Linux, and macOS segments.
In the realm of game development and real-time graphics, C++ stands as the cornerstone. Its capability for high-speed processing and control over hardware resources is critical for modern gaming experiences. Major gaming engines like Unreal Engine and Unity3D leverage C++ for their core functionalities, enabling developers to push the limits of performance and graphical fidelity. This efficiency is equally vital in real-time graphics rendering, making it a top choice for game developers.
The financial sector, particularly in high-frequency trading systems, also relies heavily on C++. Its ability to execute trades within microseconds is a game-changer in this competitive field. Investment banks and financial institutions leverage C++ to model complex financial products and manage risks. The language's precision and speed are essential in quantitative finance and algorithmic trading, where it's used for simulations and large-scale data processing.
Furthermore, C++ plays a significant role in scientific and engineering applications. Its computational power is harnessed for intensive tasks such as aerospace simulations, automotive design, and physics-based modeling. The language's capacity to handle extensive numerical analysis and process large datasets makes it a preferred choice in diverse scientific fields like astrophysics, molecular biology, and meteorology.
The widespread use of C++ across these industries underscores its importance in modern technology. Continuously evolving with new standards, C++ adapts to the ever-changing landscape of technological advancements, catering to the complex needs of today's computational challenges.
In this comprehensive guide, we delved into the multifaceted world of C++ development, exploring the essential and desirable skills for C++ developers, formulating key interview questions to assess candidates' expertise, and highlighting the broad spectrum of industries where C++ plays a pivotal role.
C++'s efficiency and versatility make it a cornerstone in modern software engineering, from systems programming to game development, financial modeling, and scientific research.
This guide serves as a crucial resource for companies looking to hire skilled C++ developers, providing insights into the qualifications and experience necessary to navigate the challenges and opportunities presented by this powerful programming language.